Preseco is also building a new, fullsize biocarbon plant near Tampere, with an eye on Finland's need to cut its own fossil fuel emissions by exploiting more energy from its forests. "By 2015, we could be producing a million tonnes of biocarbon a year, replacing a fifth of the coal currently used in Finland and reducing national greenhouse gas emissions by 5 per cent," says Kantero. of organic material, including wastes from slaughterhouses, food processing plants, construction sites and gardens as well as chlorine-free plastics. Lower grade biocarbon can also be used as a soil fertiliser. Adding powdered biocarbon to farmland soils can greatly boost their productivity. Kantero compares this process to the way Finnish shifting cultivators used to create fertile fields by Effective carbon sinks The highest grade biocarbon can be derived from wood or agricultural residues. But according to Kantero, biocarbon could ultimately be made from any kind "Biocarbon could be made from any kind of organic material. " burning patches of forest and raking the charred wood and ash through the soil. "This also makes soils into carbon sinks, storing inert carbon, and helping to combat climate change. If carbon storage markets develop as expected, this could become an even more viable use of biocarbon than burning it," says Kantero. "We are convinced that the potential global market for biocarbon is massive," says Kantero. Preseco is well placed in the forefront of this new technological development, with patents and trade marks already in place. The price premium for green biocarbon over coal is likely to increase steeply as markets are reshaped to combat climate change by encouraging the substitution of fossil fuels. Z inland a ims to m ake the renewab most of le natur its al resou safegua rces wh rdin ile environm g the sensitive n orthern ent. The fund Sitra Finnish has prod innovati uced a u ing Natu on niquely w ral Reso urce Stra ide-rang prioritise tegy for s materi Finland th al and en aspects at ergy effi of resou ciency in rce use, the lates all and see t domes ks to exp tic innov as renew loit ations in able ene areas su rgy, was biomass ch te mana use. gement and The gov ernmen t strategy , stressin has welcomed th g that th nomic u e sustain e new se of the able eco country resourc 's extens es o ive natu developm ffers an excelle ral nt basis ent and for rura econom l ic recove 34 ry. F u resou sing intell rce igentl s y
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